Historický ústav SAV
VEGA projects Slovenská verzia

Projects of the Scientific Grant Agency of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Education (VEGA)

Name: Cultural Infrastructure of the Czechoslovak State School Policy and its Realization in Slovakia. (The Link between Educational Activities of School System with the Educational and Schooling Influence on Population).
Duration: 1.1.2017 / 31.12.2020
Registration number: 2/0054/17
Principal investigator: Ľubica Kázmerová
Project summary: The research of cultural infrastructure in the context of school policy of the Czechoslovak state will broaden the information about specific fields of educational system, educational activities, and problems of institutions and subjects which were closely watched by the Slovak society during the inter-war period and were influenced by the interaction between teachers, schools and the public interest in educational system. The years 1918 – 1939 represent a time-period when the democratization and the emancipation of the Slovak society increased significantly. The project will deepen the knowledge about the super structural aspects of educational system in specific manifestations of state school policy in cultural and educational institutions. They also participated on the production of spiritual and material wealth of a civil society. After 1918, education was also interfering to areas outside of schools – to revitalized libraries, activities of associations, to new museums, gyms etc. Those activities were significantly supported by political parties.

Projects of the Scientific Grant Agency of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Education (VEGA)

Name: Political, Economic and Socio-cultural Elites of the Jewish Community in Slovakia from 1918 till 1945.
Duration: 1.1.2016 / 31.12.2019
Registration number: 2/0066/16
Principal investigator: Katarína Mešková Hradská
Project summary: Slovak historiography focused on the history of Jewish community in Slovakia offers several scientific papers and sporadic monographs which reflect existence, activities and boom of the Slovak Jewish community after the emergence of the new Czechoslovak Republic. After the initial problems (the search for identity, problem of assimilation) the new republic created generally positive surroundings for the members of the mentioned community and enabled several individuals to seek a career in numerous fields of social life including politics. As a result they were active not only in social-cultural sphere but even on several levels of political structures. The main object of the project is to reflect and analyze the social-political context which enabled the emergence and active social influence of Jewish community elites during the mentioned period with the accent on the fulfillment of their political aspirations.

Name: The recruitment and the military service of Slovak Germans in Waffen-SS 1939-1945. The premises, process, enlistment into specific formations and the punitive consequences after 1945.
Duration: 1.1.2016 / 31.12.2019
Registration number: 2/0110/16
Principal investigator: Michal Schvarc
Project summary: The main aim of the project is to analyze the premises and reasons of the entry of ethnic Germans, living at the territory of Slovakia, into the armed formations of Nazi SS. The project aims to describe the process and the system of recruitment of ethnic Germans into these formations as well as their subsequent enlistment into various units within the Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler's imperium of power. The final part of the project is supposed to deal with the practically unknown chapter of the above-mentioned problem, i. e. the criminal (punitive) reliability of former members of Waffen-SS from Slovakia after 1945. This aspect will not only be covered at the territory of the renewed Czechoslovak republic, but also at the territories of former states within the borders of nowadays Germany - Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The Working group will aim to compare the similar processes in countries of South-Easter Europe with quite numerous German ethnic minorities.

Name: Political groupings of Hungary’s estates in the early modern period.
Duration: 1.1.2016 / 31.12.2019
Registration number: 2/0134/16
Principal investigator: Anna Fundárková
Project summary: The project focuses on study and analysis of political groupings of Hungary from 1608 until 1681. Political groupings shaped political life of the Kingdom of Hungary since the Middle Ages at different levels. The main objective of the research is to identify leaders and member base of these groups, to clarify their political aims and motives, to find members of the groupings and to analyze mutual relationship between the members. The issue of securing the highest command positions in the Hungarian border fortresses will be also an important part of the research, as well as the question of representation of the Hungary's free royal towns in assemblies, which is crucial for better clarification of the activity of early modern political groups. The goal of the research team is to map out the subject by using of archival materials in Slovakia, Hungary and Austria.

Name: History of cellulose and paper in Slovakia. The manufacturing, research and its role in technical education.
Duration: 1.1.2016 / 31.12.2018
Registration number: 2/0042/16
Principal investigator: Miroslav Sabol
Project summary: The main objective and topic of the project is cellulose & paper in Slovakia, the research, manufacturing and its role in technical education. The emphasis lies on basic research, presentation and evaluation of research & development in the area of paper & cellulose in Slovakia from its beginnings in 19th century up to 1990. Because the topic of paper & cellulose has been one of the significant phenomena of social and economic life in Slovakia
in 19th and 20th century, the project will also try to evaluate the pertinent research in the broader historical, economic, political and social context.

Name: Ars apodemica or the art of traveling.
Duration: 1.1.2015 / 31.12.2018
Registration number: 2/0074/15
Principal investigator: Viliam Čičaj
Project summary: The problematics of travel literature has been of big research interest in abroad. The research till now has been monitoring this genre from two different aspects. The increased interest of researchers in ethnical and historical questions directed their attention to travel books of Modern Ages, which includes information on social and cultural situation in foreign countries. Some scientists consider the books of travel to be the source of the history of mentality (M. Herbsmaier). Another aspect using literature and scientific research is less interested in the travel literature and studies only the ones that contain a high level of originality and quality. The first theoretical and practical travel guide was the work by Albert Meier (1528-1603). The scheme of the book was to be used for preparing itineraries and carrying out descriptions of individual countries. Though very interesting topic for scientific research, it had not been systematically processed by the Slovak historiography.

Name: Victory and Fall of the Third Republic. Little Entente between France and Italy 1914-1940.
Duration: 1.1.2015 / 31.12.2018
Registration number: 2/0135/15
Principal investigator: Bohumila Ferenčuhová
Project summary: The project in the field of the history of international relations in 1914 – 1940 investigates the history of Europe, namely relations between the West and Central Europe. It focuses on the topic of the emergence, functioning and the collapse of the French system of alliances in East-Central Europe. It emanates from the analysis of the WW1 in particular of the French foreign policy and its military and strategic dimension. This policy, victorious after WW1, ended in the defeat of France in 1940. The Little Entente became the component of the French system of alliances. The Slovak historiography is missing of a synthesis of the history of the Little Entente. Its relations with Italy are totally absent and necessitate new fundamental research. The same is valid in the research of the French – Italian relations, which acted fundamentally on the evolution of the international situation and the fall of the Third Republic in 1940.

Name: Conceptions of Early Modern Historiography.
Duration: 1.1.2015 / 31.12.2018
Registration number: 2/20062/15
Principal investigator: Eva Frimmová
Project summary: The objective of the project is to trace the contours of the life of selected personalities and to evaluate their activities in the determinate space in all cultural – social correlations; many of them were engaged literally, pedagogically and politically and some of them also religiously. In the case of literally active intellectuals, their works, having not only literary, but often important documentary character, are considered from both points of view in order to know more about historical correlations. At the beginning, the persons taking part in the project concentrate on the study of resource literature and its translations, as so as on the acquisition of the new specialized national and foreign secondary literature. The results of their partial research are going to be presented in studies as part of specialized publications. At the end of the research, a conference or a scientific seminar is expected to be organized, where a summation of achieved findings and conclusions about chosen methodical approaches and contributions will be done. Finally, some of the researches have intention to prepare for press making a monograph of a single humanist or a single theme related to a humanist personality.

Name: Slovakia in interwar Czechoslovakia and in the wartime Slovak republic - Questions discontinuity and continuity in politics, economy, society and culture.
Duration: 1.1.2015 / 31.12.2019
Registration number: 2/0071/15
Principal investigator: Jaroslava Roguľová
Project summary: Since the establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1918 passed Slovak society, politics, culture fundamental transformation. 20 years of that State would significantly affect the future direction of all aspects of life. After the break-up of CSR and the establishment of the independent Slovak state in 1939 was in many ways important coups occurred. The project focuses on research questions, what legacy interwar development, which undoubtedly Slovakia passed a general development, entered a state of war. These issues are justified, despite the fact that it often makes penetrative dividing line between the two historical periods and that the building of new states traditionally associated negate the impact of previous regime. Development of society, nation, social development, political awareness and technological progress is a long-lasting process, the impact and manifestations can be recovered to a larger interval. Historical development is a continuous affair, and it also covered the war in Slovakia.

Name: Formation of Foreign Policy Thinking of Slovak Political Elites and Society during 1918 – 1939.
Duration: 1.1.2014 / 31.12.2017
Registration number: 2/0119/14
Principal investigator: Matej Hanula
Project summary: Foreign policy thinking of Slovak society and its political elites is a significant part of modern history which has not been searched thoroughly yet. The goal of the project is to search the social-political aspects of political foreign policy thinking and its internal development in inter-war Czechoslovakia. It was a time period when, for the first time in modern history, Slovak politicians played active role in foreign policy of a state ( in the roles of diplomats or officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), or they commented on it in parliament and in public (party and non-party periodicals, public rallies). The most important part of the research will include public addresses which had influenced foreign policy thinking of political elites and the whole society during the years 1918 – 1939 as well as their party political and diplomatic background. Apart from the chronologic development of this topic we will also give special attention to milestones related to foreign policy status of Czechoslovakia that had a big impact on the thinking about this topic.

Name: Communication and the way of information disseminating in Middle Ages.
Duration: 1.1.2014 / 31.12.2016
Registration number: 2/0109/14
Principal investigator: Miriam Hlavačková
Project summary: The project will focus on communication in all its forms - written (letters, messages, notices, declaration of war, etc.), verbal (information dissemination through proclamations at markets, courtly gossip, wandering minstrels, students, craftsmen, traveling knights and pilgrims) and non-verbal (communicative function of ceremonies, symbols and rituals), as well as various means of medieval communication (letters, manuscripts, prints, paintings, coats of arms). Unlike nowadays, written communication was not institutionalized; message and messenger were closely bound together on their way from sender to recipient. In this context, the research will focus on information transfer system, methods and conditions will be reconstructed. Moreover, the project team’s ambition is to present research results to readers in form of scientific publication, entitled “Communication and methods of information dissemination in the Middle Ages”.

Name: Cold War and Central East Europe: some development issues in time and space.
1.1.2014 / 31.12.2017
Registration number: 2/0154/14
Principal investigator: Edita Ivaničková
Project summary: Reconstruction of the Central (-East) Europe concept, which has come true after the fall of the communist regime, put the historians before a serious task to identify the common and specific features of this region especially for the Cold War period. The project aims to bring new knowledge based upon the scientific research dealing with some chosen themes that belong to the complicated and multi-folded picture of the Cold War in Europe. This
knowledge will serve the first evaluation, whether this region under the conditions of Soviet ideology and power-political hegemony had or had not some selfhood. The project is the first one in the line of the long-lasting and systematic research of this theme. To achieve its goals the paramount activity should be the deep study of the archival and published documents, which will fall-in to the several monographs and scientific papers. This phase will close an international conference and the collective monograph “Cold War and Central (-East) Europe”.

Name: Social and demographic development in Middle Ages Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2014 / 31.12.2017
Registration number: 2/0079/14
Principal investigator: Martin Štefánik
Project summary: The importance of towns in Slovak history is indisputable and represents one of the factors upon which the concept of our medieval history can be build, considering the absence of a specific legal status (i.e. Slovakia was not an administrative unit during the Middle Ages). In our territory, we can observe two- and even three-time higher density of towns than in other parts of the Kingdom of Hungary. Town formation and subsequent urban development was made possible by combination of economic, social and demographic aspects of Late Middle Ages in Hungary as well as of pan-European context. The project objective is to study this development and, if possible, to describe the trends and impacts.

Name: Slovaks and the relations between the Central and Eastern European nations. Myths, stereotypes - historical memory.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0133/12
Principal investigator: Tatiana Ivantyšynová
Project summary: Building of historical memory by Slovaks and other nations in Central and Eastern Europe.

Name: Policy and priorities of the Czechoslovak state in education and edification in Slovakia 1918-1939.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2016
Registration number: 2/0122/13
Principal investigator: Ľubica Kázmerová
Project summary: Education is a significant part of national identity and it reflects progress of a society. In this context it is very surprising that a complex picture of the official state policy in the field of education (school policy) and national enlightenment (cultural policy which includes enlightenment) during the years 1918 – 1939 has not been processed by Slovak historiography, yet. It is even more surprising when we consider that it had been a time period of democratization and emancipation of the Slovak society until 1938. Corner stones were laid for broad spectrum of cultural infrastructure and education on the Slovak territory. More affordable access for citizens to culture and education contributed to development of traditional (club activities etc.) and new (theatre, etc.) spiritual activities of the Slovak society.

Name: Slovakia after 1968. From the frost of normalization to independent Slovak Republic and democracy.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2016
Registration number: 2/0104/13
Principal investigator: Miroslav Londák
Project summary: In present, is in the newest history of Slovakia the at least researched historic period that one, which followed the year 1968, period of year 1969-1989, so called – Period of Normalization. The intention of working team is to contribute to deepen its knowledge and on the other hand to explore period of years 1990-1992, when started the period of transformation of the society of Czechoslovakia, in which were markedly advanced tendencies to split up the state. Team of experienced authors, which wrote many scientific monographs including problematic of year 1968 and in the end of year 2012 will hand in the press collective monograph about the beginning of normalization in Slovakia, want to continue in their work and for the January 2013 is preparing international scientific conference at occasion of 20th anniversary of establishing independent Slovak republic. The main aim of project is preparing the collective monograph, which will be mapping the state of Slovakia after the forty years of communism.

Name: Historical memory and history of Slovakia – processes of instrumentalisation and manipulation in the 19 and 20th centuries.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2016
Registration number: 2/0139/13
Principal investigator: Peter Macho
Project summary: Collective historical memory as a super-personal, social and cultural phenomenon creates an important part of collective identity-building in each society. Unlike individual human memory it concerns large social groups, e.g. national or confessional communities. Policy often works with symbols, stereotypes, myths, images and historical narratives - they are used in ideological discourses, too. This project aims to concrete components of historical memory - historical personalities, events, institutions and phenomenon, which are important in the processes of construction and stabilizing of various types of collective identity. A part of our research aims to analyze these problems in connection with the personality of Ľudovít Štúr, because the 200th anniversary of his birth will be remembered in 2015 and the 160th anniversary of the death of this iconic figure of the Slovak history in 2016.

Name: Mechanism of operating the communist regime in Slovakia in 1948 – 1989.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2016
Registration number: 2/0103/13
Principal investigator: Jan Pešek
Project summary: The objective of the project is to prepare an eponymous collective monograph. The work will focus on clarifying the way taken by the Communist Party after the coup in February 1948 in order to take the control over the State and society. The focus will lie in analyzing the practical application of the "party leadership", which in a fact was a dictate, and functioning of the mechanism of the so-called "switches of power". It is necessary to clarify the evolution of the Communist Party itself, including the situation in its leadership. The essence of the Communist regime for more than 40 years of its existence has not changed; what really changed was the mechanism of the control of society. It was undergoing a process of developmental stages, and these phases will form particular chapters of the presented project.

Name: History of food-producing industry in Slovakia - production, exploration and trade schools.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0164/13
Principal investigator: Miroslav Sabol
Project summary: The content and principal objective of the project is basic research in the area of development and significance of industrial food manufacturing, food research a education of food specialists since the introduction factory production of food in 19th century up to 1990. The project will also deal with research into and evaluation of large scale food production in the broader economic, political and social context as one of the basic prerequisites of existence of modern human society, and especially of societies at the territory of Slovakia. The project is closely related to the successful collaboration of the Historical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Faculty of Food and Chemical Technology of the Slovak University of Technology on the project of history of chemical industry in Slovakia, with the results to be published in four monographs. The current project will therefore be based on further collaboration of the above organizations.

Name: The case »erweiterte Kinderlandverschickung«. The camps of German children in Slovakia 1941-1944.
Duration: 1.1.2013 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0101/13
Principal investigator: Michal Schvarc
Project summary: The goal of the project is to search and analyze the «Erweiterte Kinderlandverschickung» action (KLV) in Slovak context between 1941 and 1944. The project is going to search the mentioned problem in broader political and economic circumstances and naturally, in the context of Slovak-German relationship in the period of World War II. The KLV action in Slovakia was not carried out as a result of a treaty between both states but only as a result of oral agreement between then prime-minister Tuka and German embassy. This fact is significantly reflected in the evolution of Slovak-German relationship. Political and economic impacts of this action have not been searched by either Slovak or German historiography. The same can be said about the reaction of Slovak population to the presence of “guests” from Germany. Even today, we do not know the exact number of German children who were coming to Slovakia. The researchers will focus on international context of the mentioned action.

Name: Social context of environmental protection in Slovakia since the Industrial Revolution to World War II.
1.1.2013 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0144/13
Principal investigator: Ľudovít Hallon
Project summary: The content and the main aim of the project is the basic research into the spring and scientific evaluation of the social context of the environmental protection, nature and landscape in Slovakia, from the onset of industrialization in the late 19th century to World War II. The project will examine the mentioned issues and assess them in wider social, economic-political, institutional, technical, scientific and medico-social context. The project will open the issue of the history of environmental protection in the Slovak historiography, which previously had been of a peripheral interest. This fact contrasts with the situation in the social sciences in neighboring countries, where the historical ecology for decades has been an integral part of the historiography. The project will be coordinated with projects of the history of environmental protection that will be realized by teams of historians in the neighboring countries of Central Europe under the common transnational issues.

Name: Studying the Holocaust in Slovakia: genesis of the methodological and terminological approach.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0133/12
Principal investigator: Katarína Mešková Hradská
Project summary: The Slovak historiography of holocaust comprises several well-known works of analytical as well as general {science popularization} character, which became the basis literature not only for younger generation of historians studying the holocaust but also wide public. The monographic works and studies, which were published after November 1989, confirm the fact that the relation problems of the Slovak society towards the Jewish minority during the World War II. are and will continue to be an open topic for a long period of time. The goal of the project is not only to map but also to process various approaches to the problematic of the research. Taking into account the fact that the research of the holocaust and the following presentation of its results are varied, often controversial and disputable, the project is oriented towards comparison of the research including processing of terminology from different aspects of the research.

Name: Dimensions of the regional history - the case of Orava.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2014
Registration number: 2/0124/12
Principal investigator: Michal Bada
Project summary: The goal of the project is the primary research of the Orava-region with the focusing on its local specifics. Put the phenomenon of microhistory in to the light of correlation (regional, local history, the historical events and historical structures) and its interaction with the influence of Slovak, perhaps even international history. To monitor the ways of penetrating of particular population´s aspects of live by contemporary historical trends, its transformation and eventually the influence of the regional history on wider history as well. The chronological specification of the project is the whole space of history from early middle ages till the contemporary history (the process of normalization). In regard of the intricacy and complexity of the whole issue for the scientific team would be necessary to choose for an interdisciplinary way of research. The main purpose would be to give not only synthesize full view on the history of Orava, but also on typical patterns, particularities of this historical region.

Name: Social radicalism and radical socialism in Slovakia between two world wars.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0123/12
Principal investigator: Juraj Benko
Project summary: The focus of the project is on organizational and discursive representations of social radicalism in the reformist, radical and extremist leftists movements in Slovakia during the years 1918-1939. The main objective is the analysis of contents and forms of articulation of the social discontent in the „lower“ classes; protests against the social and economic situation in the periods of crisis in the interwar Czechoslovakia. The compared social situations are post-WWI breakdown and economic crisis in 1918-1923 and the Great Depression 1928-1933.

Name: Structural changes of communication praxis in the Modern Ages.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2014
Registration number: 2/0099/12
Principal investigator: Viliam Čičaj
Project summary: In general terms the communication means tools, methods and mediation of exchange of information of various characters. The period of 16th and 18th centuries was a milestone in development of the system of communication. Apart from the verbal form of transfer of information, the number and importance of non-verbal media distinctively increased, especially of print media (newspapers, books). Manuscript are represented mainly by the correspondence of various character (official, commercial, intellectual). During this period also the print media – leaflets and books and at the beginning of the 17th century even periodicals – started to spread. The researchers will be oriented towards the analysis of the correspondence of official, administrative and intellectual character. They will also pay attention to the research of the manuscript newspapers, which were the first step to the classical print newspapers.

Name: The role of medical staff in growth of medical care in Slovakia since the beginning of Czechoslovakia to early 1950s of 20th century.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2014
Registration number: 2/0110/12
Principal investigator: Anna Falisová
Project summary: Content and the main focus of the scientific project "Role of medical staff in the development of health care in Slovakia in 1919 - 1953" is basic research, clarification of the wider scientific evaluation of training and the activities of lower health-care professionals - (Midwives, Nurses, Social nurses, Supporting Nurse Personnel, Samaritans) and their contribution to improved health care of the population in Slovakia in the past. The project is drawing on the latest developments in historical science, and interdependencies examined and evaluated in the period 1919 to 1953. Chronological definition covers the period between two wars, the Slovak state and the post-war period, when radical changes occurred in the organization of health care in Slovakia in the early 50. The main objectives are the mediation of research results to a wider professional and general public, students and lecturers from the fields of health, social work, medicine using an accessible form.

Name: Biography as the problem of historiography. Theory, interpretation and writing the biographies in Slovak, Czech and French historiography.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2014
Registration number: 2/0127/12
Principal investigator: Bohumila Ferenčuhová
Project summary: The relationship between history and biography has been ambivalent for a long period of time. On one hand, historiography considers biography to be a marginal genre, but on the other hand, historical biographies are very attractive for scientist-historians and are popular among general public. The goal of the project is to clarify different theoretic approaches to research, different interpretations of historical characters, people, their role in history and attitudes toward the world in French, Czech and Slovak historiography. The target is to reflect and improve methods used by historians and to apply new pieces of knowledge in writing biographies of specific personalities (M. R. Štefánik, B. Pavlů) or collective biographies (Slovak students in France, protagonists of Slovak National Party, electoral leaders during the period of the 1st Czechoslovak Republic).

Name: Outstanding humanist scholars and politicians in their relation to Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2014
Registration number: 2/0062/12
Principal investigator: Eva Frimmová
Project summary: The project focuses on outstanding personalities of the period of the Renaissance and Humanism with relation to Slovakia. We are talking, first of all, about the political and intellectual elite, whose representatives, each in a different way, integrated with the social life in the area of the present Slovakia or abroad. On the basis of recent research and translations of the relative historical material, we can make available to public and deepen our knowledge of activities and works of these personalities, as so as consider their contribution towards political - cultural development in the area of central Europe.

Name: Place and role of the Palatine office in political system of Hungary in early Modern Age.
Duration: 1.1.2012 / 31.12.2015
Registration number: 2/0063/12
Principal investigator: Anna Fundárková
Project summary: The project will focus on the research and analyses of the political system in Hungary in the years 1526-1723. Chief part of the political system was represented by the Office of the palatine, who had several functions and powers. Moreover, research will include study of relation between royal court and Hungarian estates and its development. The aim of the grant participants will be to monitor the research problem with the use of archival materials in Slovakia, Hungary and Austria. The attention will be paid to functioning and organization of the office of the palatine. Also, there were several people who were not regular members of the palatine’s office and administration, nevertheless served the palatine or were charged by him to certain tasks. Such were his Viennese agents, who represented important source information on the life and events at the Viennese court).

Name: The man and the animal world in Middle Ages.
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0061/11
Principal investigator: Daniela Dvořáková
Project summary: Main purpose of the project is a cultural, anthropological and historical research of relations between a man and the world of animals during the Middle Ages, focused mainly on the territory of Kingdom of Hungary, that is also the territory of today’s Slovakia. Relations between humans and animals can reveal a lot about the culture, thinking, perception of the world as well as religion concepts, everyday life and so on. From this point of view the observation of interactions between humans and animals might be very valuable probe into culture, anthropology and history.

Name: Slovakia in the second half of the 19th century.
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0044/11
Principal investigator: Dušan Kováč
Project summary: The proposed project is oriented to the research of the Slovak society in the second half of the 19th century. The object of the research will be all relevant parts of the social life – economics, social environment, politics, spirit life and culture. Elaborated base studies to the less known areas of the Slovak society life will be used by the working-out of the synthetic work to the history of Slovakia in 19th century which is already needed from both scientific and social reasons.

Name: Czechoslovakia and the USA during 1948-1968 (the chapters from the development of the bilateral relations).
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0039/11
Principal investigator: Slavomír Michálek
Project summary: This project is focused on the mutual relation between the USA and Czechoslovakia during 1948-1968. The base of this relation creates relationship of the satellite of one superpower towards the other superpower. The goal of the project is to map this topic by using the primary archive documents in the both, US and Czech Republic. The main line of the project is droved by trade and economic relations in the sphere of resolving so-called open economic and financial questions between both countries. The main focus of research team is aimed mostly on the bilateral questions, whereas the most important looks questions concerning the compensation for nationalized and confiscated American property in Czechoslovakia and the effort of Czechoslovakia to obtain back own Monetary Gold. The research must be aimed on wider international aspects of the Cold War. The main goal of the research team is to prepare papers and finally the main result of the project will be a book focused on key moments of Czechoslovak-American relations during mentioned period.

Name: Changes in the Slovak society in the first half of the „long“ 19th century.
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0138/11
Principal investigator: Peter Šoltés
Project summary: The first half of "long" 19 century has traditionally been the subject of intensive interest of Slovak historiography. It is a period in which they were placed the conditions national, civic and social emancipation. The attention was predominantly focused on national-empowering process, on the Slovak national elite and their institutions and on the growing antagonism between Slovak and Hungarian national movement. In the last two decades, research into a national movement but also the overall period 1780 - 1848 was in the background. The project is related to preparation of new academic synthesis in HU SAV, which should be drafted in a broad and coherent framework.

Name: Economic privileges and trade activities of some selected towns in Middle Ages.
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0064/11
Principal investigator: Martin Štefánik
Project summary: Slovakia was characterized by 2-3 times higher density of the royal towns on its territory than other parts of medieval Kingdom of Hungary. The existence of cities was based on their economic importance for the country and for the monarch, who equipped them with an extended system of legal and economic privileges based on mutual benefit. The project objective is to analyze and systematically summarize economic and commercial privileges, to explore the genesis of its grantings as well as their impacts on the medieval towns in Slovakia.

Name: Journalism and Speeches of Milan Hodža Related to the Peak Period of his Political Activities during 1930s.
Duration: 1.1.2011 / 31.12.2013
Registration number: 2/0070/11
Principal investigator: Milan Zemko
Project summary: Milan Hodža belongs to the most significant and influential personalities of Slovak politics. His energetic political and public activities attracted the attention of society already during his times. Hodža was inspiring for many thanks to his methodical approach, political thinking and his ability to think in a broader framework of domestic and international politics of the 1st half of the 20th century. We consider Hodža´s original texts, articles and speeches which were published in several periodicals, as significant sources for the research of his personality. While his journalistic articles from 1920s had been published in books, his broad and colorful political articles from the second decade of the republic – the period of immediate danger for the integrity and security of the republic – remain dispersed in periodicals that were published all over the state. They included also expert and regional journals. The goal of the project is to published a book which will represent a collection of Hodža’s articles form the period of the peak of his political career – his articles and public speeches from 1932 – 1938. The publication will offer Slovak public the opportunity to learn about this significant Slovak politician of the 1st half of the 20th century.

Name: From province to metropolis. Bratislava in the 19th and 20th centuries – the town picture in social and political context.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0085/10
Principal investigator: Gabriela Dudeková
Project summary: Based on the ground research and comparison with foreign research, the project focuses at analysis of historical development of Bratislava, viewed as urban centre of municipal government. It will trace its transformation from residential royal coronation city (up to the end of the 18 century), through politically provincial but dynamically growing economically and culturally developed centre of the county (19th century), to becoming a capital of a state (20th century). The aim of the project is to characterise impact of industrialisation and urbanisation, socio-political and state-administration changes on the position of the city, as well as changes of local identity and of collective images/representations of Bratislava in the researched periods.

Name: Social pre-conditions and consequences of the science and technique development in Slovakia 1918-1989.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0097/10
Principal investigator: Ľudovít Hallon
Project summary: Project focuses on the broader socio-political, ideological and economic context in the development of natural sciences, medicine, and technics. It targets the mutual effects of social and political processes on the evolution of science during the years 1918-1989; from the establishing of interwar Czechoslovak Republic till the fall of communist regime in the Czechoslovakia.

Name: Slovakia in Europe, Europe in Slovakia: selected themes from the 20th century history.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0181/10
Principal investigator: Edita Ivaničková
Project summary: The issue orientation of the proposed project is the international context of the Slovakia and the Slovak development in the 20th century. The selection of the themes focuses on the less or partially researched questions of the international (especially Central European) causalities of the Slovak history, on the Slovak bonds in the Czechoslovak international context and on the selected problems of the direct Slovak international relations with the foreign countries. The main outputs of the project – the partial studies and the final collective monograph are to be based primary on the basic research and shall deal with various selected aspects of the main theme: with politics, diplomacy, economy, ideological orientation etc. The aim of the researcher team is to deepen the knowledge of the contextual frame in which the Slovak history developed as the part of the European and world history.

Name: Slovaks and the forming of the modern nations in the Central Eastern(South-Eastern) Europe: Identity, confessionalism, myths.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0208/10
Principal investigator: Tatiana Ivantyšynová
Project summary: Building of a national identity in a multiethnic and multireligious society of the Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe.

Name: Institutionalization of Educational System in Slovakia in the Years 1918 – 1945. (Structure, Tendencies and Social implications).
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0054/10
Principal investigator: Ľubica Kázmerová
Project summary: The subject of the project are the tendencies and changes in educational system in Slovakia during the years 1918 – 1939 (period of the 1st and 2nd Czechoslovak Republic) and during the period of Slovak state 1939 – 1945. The working group will also focus on specific expressions of those changes not only in school structure, but also in institutions that were established by political parties or as a result of public interest (for example established by various leagues or as a result of broadening scholarship).

Name: Nobility court - power-political, administrative and cultural entity in the Early Modern Ages.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0133/10
Principal investigator: Tünde Lengyelová
Project summary: The aim of the project is research of the aristocratic courts in the Kingdom of Hungary during the early modern age. After the year 1526, the Hungarian royal court de facto ceased to exist. The monarch and his court ware not in Hungary and all its functions were transferred to the courts of the aristocrats. The project therefore aims to specify and define these functions, duties of the court as well as competences and limitations of its members. The analysis will focus on this group of problems:
1, Court as a community of people, their hierarchy, functions, authority, employment and activity, rights and duties, evaluation, advantages and disadvantages.
2, The problem of female (widow) courts
3, Court as a living space – place of representation, culture, education, social and religious live
4, Influence of the Hungarian aristocratic courts on the lifestyle of the lower nobility and townspeople
5, Integration of the Hungarian aristocratic courts into the system of the Central European courts

Name: Slovakia during the communist regime in Czechoslovakia and at the beginning of the democratic society development 1968-1989/1992.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0100/10
Principal investigator: Miroslav Londák
Project summary: N/A

Name: Festivities as the identity forming phenomenon in Slovakia in the period of modernization.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0089/10
Principal investigator: Peter Macho
Project summary: Scientific research is aimed at the festivities and their significance in the process of national/civic society building. Participants of the project will investigate festivities as an instrument of self-representation and self-identification of urban/rural secular communities and "national" groups. They will present festivities as a multi-layer phenomenon with its specific goals, symbols, rituals, organizers, participants and audience. Analysis of the "national" festivities in the 19th and 20th century will contribute much to our understanding of how the Slovak "national" identity and its "national" symbols had been formed.

Name: History of the chemical industry in Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0109/10
Principal investigator: Miroslav Tibor Morovics
Project summary: The project deals with historical research of chemical industry development in Slovakia from its beginning till the year 1989, with the emphasis on the second half of the 20th century. The project maps scientific, technical and institutional background of the chemical industry as well as cooperation with the universities, social conditions in the factories, political determinants, international context and economic factors. Besides the analysis of the most important factories and research institutions, the project deals also with the personalities connected with the development of chemical industry in Slovakia.

Name: Communist party in Slovakia: road to power and power monopoly 1945-1968.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0103/10
Principal investigator: Jan Pešek
Project summary: N/A

Name: Economic migration in Slovakia in 1939-1945.
Duration: 1.1.2010 / 31.12.2012
Registration number: 2/0090/10
Principal investigator: Michal Schvarc
Project summary: The aim of the project is the analysis of the important social and economic phenomenon of workers migration in the specific conditions of the Slovak war economy during the years 1939-1945. This problem will be researched in the broader political and economic context on the background of the German-Slovak relations during the WWII.

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